The Venus of Willendorf sculpture was made during the Paleothic era between 24,000 and 22,000 BC. It was discovered in an excavation near Willendorf, Austria by Josef Szombathy, Hugo Obermaier and Josef Baye. Little is known about the statuette's origin and purpose, but it is widely believed by scholars to have been a fertility symbol.
The artist emphasized the hips, genitalia, and breasts by enlarging them, while diminishing other features such as the head, arms, hands, and feet, in order to communicate the idea of fertility.
The simple, organic shapes also create a calm mood.
NaPossibly in order to attract more attention, the statuette was nicknamed the Venus of Willendorf since it features a nude female figure and is likely a fertlity symbol. Since then, many people have grown unhappy with the name because it connotates a connection to the later Classical Venuses that doesn't actually exist.Edit
Because of this controversy, the statue is now sometimes referred to the Woman of Willendorf.